– Hajj without umrah.
– Person is called a Mufrid.
– Enter into Ihram with niyah for Hajj only.
- Animal sacrifice is optional.
- Not to perform umrah during the Hajj months of the same year.
- On arrival in Makkah the pilgrim performs Tawaaf-al-Qudoom (welcome tawaaf). This is optional, as the pilgrim may go direstly to mina on the 8th of Dhul-Hijja from his meqaat.
- Sa’ee for the Hajj may also be performed with this tawaaf. If it is done here, it places the pilgrim in the same position as the qariin, with regards to the order of changing his niyah to tamattu.
- The mufrid must remain in the state of Ihram no matter how long the period between his arrival Makkah and Hajj may be.
- Pilgrim is alloweed to change his/her Ihram with clothes that are clean ( not normal clothes for men, but another ihram)
- This Hajj is for those living in Makkah or those within the meqaat area.(see surah 2:196)
- If circumstances permit ( time and one chooses to sacrifice), the Mufrid can change his niyah from Ifrad to Qiran or Tamattu. If he does this, then he should follow the rules accordingly, as described previously. Residents of Makkah cannot change their niyah.
The Best Method Recommended by the Prophet (PBUH)
There are three types of hajj: Hajj Tamattu, Hajj Qiran, & Hajj Ifrad. All three methods fulfill all the requirements for the Hajj.
However, the best method is Tamattu’ as recommended and done by the Prophet as narrated in Saheeh Muslim:
“When the Prophet performed Tawaaf and Sa’ee during the year of the Farewell Hajj with his companions, he ordered all those who hadn’t brought their sacrificial animals to change their Neeyah for Hajj to Neeyah for ‘Umrah, cut their hair and disengage from Ihraam until Hajj.“
He said: [If I had not brought the sacrificial animal, I would have done what I’ve ordered you to do.”
There are some minor differences of opinion on the matter of when a pilgrim performs ‘Umrah during the Hajj months. The issue arises only when the pilgrim leaves Makkah after having performed Umrah.
As an example:
- The pilgrim comes to MAKKAH AND PERFORMS UMRAH AND THEN LEAVES FOR Jeddah and Riyadh or back overseas.
- He now returns for Hajj. Can he do Ifrad or is he Tamattu?
Some scholars say that once the pilgrim leaves the meqaat area, Tamattu is “cancelled” and the pilgrim can now do ifrad or have to do ‘Umrah again once he returns in order to do Tamattu.
Another view is that it doesn’t matter: as long as the ‘Umrah was done in the Hajj months, the person is automatically Tamuttu, even though he left the meqaat area. Anyway, I only put this here for completeness, as this “problem” does not affect the majority of the pilgrims.
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