[Dua & Athkaar according to Quraan & Sunnah]
There are many dua and athkaar according to quran and sunnah which you can recite during the Umrah, and from which the Muslim can benefit by memorizing them as well, understanding them and acting upon them.
These include the following:
Part A: At the meeqaat when entering ihram:
It is Sunnah for the Muslim to recite tasbeeh, tahleel, & takbeer before entring ihram for umrah or hajj:
- Tasbeeh which means to recite “Subhaan-Allaah“, and that translates to glory be to Allah.
- Tahleel which means to recite “Laa ilaaha ill-Allah“, and that translates to there is no god but Allah.
- Takbeer which means to recite “Allahu akbar” and that translates to Allah is Most Great.
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
“The Prophet (PBUH) prayed duhur with four rakahs when we were with him in Madinah, and he prayed Asr in Dhul Hulayfah with two rakahs, then he stayed there overnight. When morning came he rode until he reached al-Bayda’, then he praised, glorified and magnified Allaah. Then he recited Talbiyah with the intention of performing Hajj and ‘Umrah and the people did likewise.
[Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1476]
Hafiz Ibn Hajar said:
This ruling (which is mustahabb to recite tasbeeh & the other athkar mentioned before ihraam) is something that not many people do — even though it is proven in the Sunnah.
[Fath al-Baari, 3/412]
Part B: On the way to Makkah, between the meeqaat & the arrival in Makkah:
According to the Quran and Sunnah, it is Sunnah to recite the Talbiyah many times and to raise one’s voice especially for men, but for women should recite in a low voice so that no “non-mahram” men will hear them.
Abdullahi Ibn Umar narrated that:
When Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) set out riding from the mosque of Dhu’l-Hulayfah, he recited the Talbiyah and said:
“Labbayk Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk, inna al-hamda wa’l-ni’matah laka wa’l-mulk, laa shareeka lak.“
Which means: Here I am, O Allah, here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise and grace and dominion are Yours, You have no partner).”
[Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5571; Muslim, 1184]
Part C: During Tawaf
Every time you come in line with the Black Stone in each circuit, you say, “Allaahu akbar.”
Ibn Abbas said that:
That Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) circulated the House, and every time he came to the corner (i.e., the Black Stone), he pointed to it with something he had in his hand and said takbeer (which is “Allahu Akbar“).
Between the Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone:
You should say the words that were narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Saa’ib, who said:
“I heard Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) say between the two Corners:
“Rabbana aatina fi’l-dunya hasanah wa fi’l-aakhirah hasanah wa qina ‘adhaab al-naar”
Which Means: (Our Lord, give us that which is good in this world and that which is good in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire).”
[Abu Dawod, 1892; classed as hasan in Saheeh Abi Dawood]
Part D: Before climbing up Safa and when you’re at the top of it:
Jabir ibn Abdallah said:
… then Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) went out through the gate to Safa and when he drew near to Safa he (PBUH) recited:
“Verily, Safa and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the Symbols of Allah” [Baqarah 2:158] (and he said:) “I begin with that with which Allah began.”
He began with Safa and climbed it until he could see the House, then he turned to face the qiblah and proclaimed the Oneness of Allah and magnified Him, and said:
“Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer; Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu anjaza wa’dah wa nasara ‘abdah wa hazama al-ahzaaba wahdah
There is no god but Allah alone, with no partner or associate, His is the dominion and to Him be praise, and He is able to do all things; there is no god but Allah alone, He fulfilled His promises and granted victory to His slave and defeated the confederates alone).” Then he made du’aa’ between that and repeated this three times.
[Narrated by Muslim, 1218]
Part E – When climbing Marwah
You should do the same as you did when climbing Safa, without reciting the verse before starting to climb.
Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
Then he came down towards Marwah and when his feet reached the bottom of the valley he ran until the ground started to rise, then he walked until he came to Marwah, and he did at Marwah as he had done at Safa.
[Narrated by Muslim, 1218.]
When drinking Zamzam water, you may say du’aa’ asking for the best of this world and the Hereafter, because Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) said:
“The water of Zamzam is for whatever it is drunk for.”
[Ibn Majah 3062]
Similarly it is prescribed to remember Allah a great deal (dhikr), which includes dua, during tawaaf and saa’i, so the Muslim should make du’aa’ as Allah inspires him.
There is nothing wrong with reciting Quran during tawaaf and saa’i. What some people say, that there are special dua’s for each circuit of tawaaf and saa’i is something for which there is no basis in sharee’ah.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
“It is mustahabb during tawaaf to remember Allah and call upon Him in ways that are prescribed in sharee’ah. If one recites Quran there is nothing wrong with that.
There is no specific dhikr that has been narrated from Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), that he either enjoined, said or taught to others. Rather the pilgrim may say any dua that is prescribed in shareeah. What many people say is that there is a specific du’aa’ to be recited beneath the downspout of the Ka’bah and so on has no basis.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to end his tawaaf between the two Corners by saying,
“Rabbana aatina fi’l-dunya hasanah wa fi’l-aakhirah hasanah wa qina ‘adhaab al-naar“
Which means: “Our Lord, give us that which is good in this world & that which is good in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire,” as he used to finish all his dua’s with these words, and there is no specific du’aa’ for that, according to scholarly consensus.
[Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 26/122, 123]
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