Hajj Tamattu Consist of the Following:
– Hajj combined with ‘Umrah with ‘two’ Neeyah
– The person is called a Mutamatti.
– Enter into the state of Ihraam with a Neeyah for ‘Umrah (the first Neeyah)
- Perform ‘Umrah during the months of Hajj of the same year, and this must be completed before beginning the rites of Hajj.
- The first Tawaaf made, is that of ‘Umrah and the Tawaaf-ul-Qudoom (Tawaaf upon arrival in Makkah) is not required.
- The performance of the Sa’ee is a must. This is Sa’ee for ‘Umrah and not for Hajj. The Sa’ee for Hajj must be performed with Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah
- The Mutamatti should clip his hair after ‘Umrah instead of shaving it to come out of the state of Ihraam after the Sa’ee for ‘Umrah (if he has time before Hajj to re-grow his hair, then he should shave it after completing his ‘Umrah.
- The Mutamatti must come out of the state of Ihraam after the ‘Umrah (all the Ihraam restrictions are lifted for the Mutamatti).
- Animal sacrifice is compulsory for the Mutamatti. If he cannot afford it, he is required to fast for ten days. This applies to the Qaarin also.
“… But if someone cannot afford a sacrifice, he can fast three days during Hajj and seven days after returning home. That is ten days in all…” (Soorah Al- Baqarah : Aayah 196)
- The Mutamatti enters back into the state of Ihraam with the Neeyah for Hajj (the second neeyah), from wherever he is on the morning of the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah. Thereafter he / she depart Makkah to Mina.
- The pilgrim is allowed to change his/her (Ihraam) clothes for clean ones.
- Those living in Makkah cannot perform this method of Hajj.
“…This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid-al-haram (i.e. non resident of Makkah…”remain
The Best Method Recommended by the Prophet (PBUH)
There are three types of hajj: Hajj Tamattu, Hajj Qiran, & Hajj Ifrad. All three methods fulfill all the requirements for the Hajj.
However, the best method is Tamattu’ as recommended and done by the Prophet as narrated in Saheeh Muslim:
“When the Prophet performed Tawaaf and Sa’ee during the year of the Farewell Hajj with his companions, he ordered all those who hadn’t brought their sacrificial animals to change their Neeyah for Hajj to Neeyah for ‘Umrah, cut their hair and disengage from Ihraam until Hajj.“
He said: [If I had not brought the sacrificial animal, I would have done what I’ve ordered you to do.”
There are some minor differences of opinion on the matter of when a pilgrim performs ‘Umrah during the Hajj months. The issue arises only when the pilgrim leaves Makkah after having performed Umrah.
As an example:
- The pilgrim comes to MAKKAH AND PERFORMS UMRAH AND THEN LEAVES FOR Jeddah and Riyadh or back overseas.
- He now returns for Hajj. Can he do Ifrad or is he Tamattu?
Some scholars say that once the pilgrim leaves the meqaat area, Tamattu is “cancelled” and the pilgrim can now do ifrad or have to do ‘Umrah again once he returns in order to do Tamattu.
Another view is that it doesn’t matter: as long as the ‘Umrah was done in the Hajj months, the person is automatically Tamuttu, even though he left the meqaat area. Anyway, I only put this here for completeness, as this “problem” does not affect the majority of the pilgrims.
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